The growing bones in youngsters are susceptible to injury when an excessive amount of strain is put on them too quickly and the bones are usually not provided adequate time to adapt to those loads. Generally in the ends of each bone are cartilage growth regions which growth happens at. It is this much softer cartilage area that is at risk from damage. Problems with these growth areas tend to be more frequent in children that happen to be more active or have a higher body weight. Every one of these conditions improve by themselves once growth in the bone is completed and that cartilage growth area combines along with the rest of the bone.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease:

This is the growth injury in front and top of the lower leg bone just beneath the patella. It occurs where the tendon from your patella inserts into the tibia bone. The insertion of the tendon could become swollen, tender along with a small hard swelling can appear. It is frequently quite painful on activity and particularly when ascending stairs. The treatment of Osgood-Schlatter Disease is often using a reduction of activity to within pain degrees and the use of ice immediately after activity to help with the discomfort. Stretches along with strengthening exercises are frequently used.

Severs Disease:

This is a problem to the growth plate area at the rear of the heel bone that is more properly called calcaneal apophysitis. The signs and symptoms of Sever’s is discomfort behind and edges of the heel bone, specifically if you squeeze the calcaneus from the edges. It is usually more uncomfortable following physical activity. The most effective way to take care of Severs disease will be to lower activity amounts down to a tolerable amounts, use ice following physical activity.

Kohlers Disease:

This is a problem of the growing navicular bone in the arch of the foot with the discomfort being characteristically felt at the top of the arch of the foot, just in front of the ankle joint. It commonly affects younger children. A characteristic sign of Kohler’s Disease is always that on x-ray the navicular bone is really thin. Kohlers is nastier when compared to the other types of growth plate problems and can have long term implications, hence these are generally placed in a walking splint to immobilize the foot.

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