Sydney is a city and the state capital for New South Wales in Australia. It is the most populated city in Australia which has a population of about 5.3 million people found in 658 suburbs. Sydney is probably most famous for the famous Sydney Opera House and also the Harbour Bridge as well as hosting the 2000 Olympic Games.

The Sydney area has probably been lived in for at least 30000 years by indigenous Australians. The explorer James Cook’s first Pacific voyage in 1770 ended up the initial Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia. They made landfall at Botany Bay which encouraged lots of British interest in the area. The initial European settlement has been by Arthur Phillip who created Sydney as being a British penal colony in 1788 following the landing of the First Fleet of convicts. Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842 plus the transportation of the United Kingdom convicts to there stopped then. In 1851, a gold rush took place Australia giving additional growth and immigration. Over the next century, Sydney has been developed from the impression as a colonial outpost in to what it is currently as significant worldwide cultural and economic center. Mass migration from Europe occurred after World War Two leading to the development of Sydney in to one of the most multicultural cities in the world with over a third of the population speaking a language aside from English in the home. Economically, there’s a considerable number of foreign financial institutions and international corporations located in Sydney and the city wants to showcase itself as Australia’s monetary capital along with a major financial centre. The University of Sydney was the countries very first university, having been opened in 1850 and is considered to be one of the main universities globally. The State Library of New South Wales, which first opened in 1826 is the earliest library in the country.

Sydney is known as one of the most costly cities in the world in which to live, nevertheless it can generally rate in the top 10 of the most liveable cities in the world. Sydney carries a fierce rivalry with the other key Australian city of Melbourne about this. This particular rivalry additionally extends to sports entertainment. The Sydney Morning Herald is Australia’s oldest newspaper which is still in print since being established in 1831. One other key paper is The Daily Telegraph that has been in print consistently since 1879.

Travel and leisure is important for the Sydney economy with Sydney being in the fifteen most frequented locations on the globe, going to destinations including the Sydney Harbour Bridge and also the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House and additionally more than 2,500,000 acres of nature reserves and parks. The principle passenger airport terminal which serves Sydney is Kingsford-Smith Airport which is among the world’s oldest airfields. An additional airport currently is being constructed in the western suburbs. Central Station that was constructed in 1906 is the primary centre of the city’s rail network. Sydney generally hosts significant international competitive sports, like the 2000 Summer Olympics which were reported to be the greatest Olympics ever.

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