The 365 days of 1906 was probably most memorable for the number as well as severity of the natural disasters. On January 31st there was an 8.8 magnitude earthquake largely impacting Ecuador and Colombia which also triggered the tsunami which came to as far as Hawaii and also caused at least 500 fatalities. On the 5th of April Mount Vesuvius erupted, devastating Naples and killing more than one hundred individuals. The quantity of lava in the eruption was the most ever documented coming from a Mount Vesuvian eruption. Within Italy they had been preparing for the 1908 Summer Olympic games when the explosion occurred and funds would have to be redirected from that to rebuilding Naples, and a new city for the Olympic games had to be found. On April 18 a magnitude 7.8 quake on the San Andreas Fault wrecked a big part of San Francisco, California. Following the quake, fires soon started in San Francisco and lasted for a few days. Around 3000 individuals perished and also over 80 % of the city had been destroyed. This natural calamity is amongst the most severe and deadliest earthquakes within the history of the United States. This death toll has been the greatest loss of life coming from a natural catastrophe within California. An explosion in a coal mine on March 10th in Courrières, in France killed 1060 mine workers. In August a magnitude 8.2 earthquake in Valparaíso, in Chile results in approximately 20000 injured. On September 18th, a hurricane with a tsunami killed approximately ten thousand in Hong Kong. A magnitude 7.9 quake in Xinjiang, China kills just about 300 individuals on December 22.

Other memorable incidents in 1906 was that Theodore Roosevelt will be the twenty sixth President of the United States of America. He was president through 1901 to 1909. On February 7th, the Royal Navy’s ship, the HMS Dreadnought had been unveiled. That leads to a naval race among Britain and Germany vying for naval supremacy with the initial Imperial German Navy submarine, the U-1 getting launched on August 4th. The world’s largest sized boat during the time, the Cunard ship RMS Lusitania is launched in Glasgow, Scotland on June 7. The initial Grand Prix was held on closed down public roads outside the city of Le Mans, France in June. The circuit is most well known these days for the 24 Hours of Le Mans car race which takes place every year. On September 30th the very first Gordon Bennett Cup for balloon racing is held coming from Paris to Yorkshire, in the United Kingdom. This balloon race continues to be organised annually. Later in October, there’s a diplomatic crisis involving the United States and the Japanese when the San Francisco public school board directs that Japanese students to become taught in racially segregated schools. In December, the Greater London Underground’s Great Northern, Piccadilly and also Brompton Railway tracks are opened. The morse code for SOS gets to be a worldwide distress sign on November 3. A famous brand name, Xerox is launched in Rochester, NY as the Haloid Photographic Co. A important healthcare happening in 1906 could be that the BCG vaccine to stop tuberculosis was first formulated but hasn’t been used medically until 1921. This proved to be quite effective and is provided to infants as one shot and it has tremendously lessened the levels of tuberculosis globally.


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