The year of 1970 was a fascinating 12 months for many reasons. Perhaps it is most notable for the number of catastrophes which took place, several big and several small. On January 5 these was a 7.1 Tonghai earth quake that damaged Tonghai County, within the Yunnan province in China, with an estimated 10,000 and 15,000 individuals wiped out and also over 26,000 injured. On February 1 the Benavídez rail tragedy close to Buenos Aires in Argentina occured with the derailing of a train killed 236 individuals. An avalanche at Val-d’Isère in France on February 10 that killed an estimated 41 tourists to the vicinity. On April 11th yet another avalanche at a TB sanatorium in the French Alps kills 74 individuals, most of them being adolescent boys. On March 4, the French sub Eurydice imploded whilst doing a practice dive in the Mediterranean Sea killing all of the sailors on board. In Osaka, Japan on April 8, a natural gas explosion at a subway construction site that killed an estimated 79 individuals and injured over 400. On May 31st a 7.9 magnitude earthquake in Ancash, in Peru which triggered a landslide buried the town of Yungay. It had been determined that in between 66,000 and 70,000 individuals were killed. On July 3 all 112 people aboard Dan-Air Flight 1903 were killed when the British De Havilland Comet crashes into mountain ranges north of Barcelona , Spain. A different crash on July 5th occurred with Air Canada Flight 621 crashing near Toronto Airport, Toronto, in Ontario killing all 109 travellers and crew aboard. In Melbourne, Australia on October 15th a part of the under construction West Gate Bridge collapsed into the river below, killing 35 building personnel. On October 15 a cholera situation breaks out within Istanbul in Turkey that later develops on October 28 to eastern Slovakia triggering Hungary to close its border with Czechoslovakia. On November 13th, a 120-mph tropical cyclone strikes the largely inhabited Ganges Delta region in East Pakistan (in what currently is called Bangladesh), killing approximately 500,000 people making it the 20th century’s worst type of cyclone catastrophes. On December 12th there had been a landslide in west Colombia which left about 200 people dead.

As well as the above disasters, the Vietnam war carries on in the course of 1970. On March 5, the earlier agreed upon Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect, after being signed by 56 countries. The 1970 World’s Expo opens up in Suita, Osaka, Japan on March 15th. On April 10th, inside a press release that was published in sarcastic interview tone, which is incorporated into promotional copies of his 1st single recording, Paul McCartney states that he has left The Beatles. On December 31 Paul McCartney files papers in the legal courts in Britain to wind up the band’s legal partnership, putting a finish to the group. On April 11 1970, Apollo 13 with the astronauts Jim Lovell, Fred Haise along with Jack Swigert on board takes off for the Moon, however on April 13th, an oxygen tank in the Apollo 13 craft blows up, which forces the crew to abandon the mission and come back down to earth. The crisis captivates the entire world with them splashing back down safely in the Pacific Ocean on April 17.


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