London currently is the seat for the Government of the United Kingdom and also the nations monetary centre. London is nestled on the banks of the River Thames in southeast England. The city of London was initially started by the Roman empire in 43 AD and they controlled there up until the fifth century AD, as soon as the Roman Empire declined. The Romans called the town Londinium and it had a populace then of around 50,000. The city became an important trading port. Londinium declined during the fifth century due to recurring Anglo-Saxon incursions. In the eighth century the city had become the capital of the Kingdom of Essex. There were many Viking attacks during the 9th century with plenty of suffering in that time. Danish settlers subsequently established themselves in the region bringing about an increase in trade and businesses in the town. Since the prosperity and strength of this growing city centre improved it enticed the attention from the Danish Great Heathen Army which took control of the city and taken by King Alfred the Great in 886. Right after the Norman invasion and conquering of England in 1067, the revolutionary King of England, William Duke of Normandy set up the city’s existing legal rights, laws and regulations and also privileges. William Duke also built the landmark Tower of London. After that in 1199, King John strengthened the city’s self-government. After 1215 the city was able to choose a different mayor annually.

Throughout the fourteenth and 15th century, London’s port evolved into a European center towards the delivery of products, particularly as a result of trade in textiles. Within the sixteenth to 17th century under rule with the Tudors, London took advantage of the centralized politics as well as the greater maritime trade that was continued with the Stuarts. During this period the city had 100,000 occupants and by the mid-seventeenth century the population had increased to over 500,000. By 1665, the city’s sub standard living circumstances from inferior city planning have been responsible for the Great Plague taking hold that wiped out close to 70,000 individuals. In the next year, a significant fire burned down the vast majority of city. The reconstruction of London took more than a decade in order to complete, with all the development of major buildings such as St. Paul’s Cathedral heightened the selling point of London. This brought about London getting to be the center of English social life with castles, halls, theatres and museums and galleries unrivalled anywhere else. The city grew even larger, particularly with the setting up for the Bank of England in 1694 which triggered London’s growth as a major economic location.

The majority of present-day London arises from the Victorian time period. The Industrial Revolution attracted many people to London, rapidly increasing the city with the population increased from 700,000 in 1750 to over 4,500,000 by 1901. These overcrowded problems did lead to the 1832 cholera epidemic and also the huge foul odor of 1858 on account of sewer issues within the high temperatures. Following a continuous period of time without lots of difference in the population of the capital began to fall after The First World War and dropped below 3.5 million by 1950. Encompassing suburban locations grew continuously in that time period. Back in 1963 London was divided administratively in the old city and a further 32 metro boroughs surrounding it.

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