The twelve months of 1920 ended up being memorable for a number of events. In that year, the Mexican Revolution happened and by the end of the year there is a change of government and there was also the Irish war of independence. During the year there were quite a few local regional battles and skirmishes in Europe following the end of World War 1. The Treaty of Versailles which terminated that war takes effect on January 10th, technically putting an end to World War I. Nevertheless, on March 19th the United States Senate declined to ratify the Treaty of Versailles. On January 16th, The League of Nations Covenant will come into force with the organisation holding their first council conference in Paris, France. Additional disputes during the year included the Palestine riots on April the 4th with physical violence ocurring between Arab and Jewish residents in Jerusalem where nine will be killed and also 216 wounded. There ended up being a bombing on Wall Street in New York City with a an explosive device in a horse cart exploding as you’re watching JP Morgan Building, killing 38 and also wounding 400. During February Adolf Hitler introduced his National Socialist Program in Munich for the German Workers’ Party which renames themselves to be the Nazi Party. On September 29th, Adolf Hitler makes his very first public appearance within Austria, with talks in Vienna, Innsbruck in addition to Salzburg.
There was quite a few disasters through 1920 that included on February 20th, an earthquake that hits Gori in the Democratic Republic of Georgia resulting in the death of 114 individuals. On January 3 the Xalapa quake in Mexico kills around 600 individuals, making it the 2nd most serious earthquake in Mexico’s record. On March 28, the Palm Sunday twister outbreak hits the Great Lakes area and the Deep South of the United States resulting in many deaths, injury, and a lot of property damage. On December the 17th the Mendoza earthquake of magnitude 6.0 killed around 200 people in Mendoza area, Argentina.
Various other noteworthy events in 1920 included the conclusion to the Spanish Flu that had an approximated 17 to 50 million deaths. This has been the last worldwide outbreak before the 2009 h1n1 virus epidemic which comes about almost 90 years later. During August the 1920 Summer Olympics took place in Antwerp, Belgium. This was the first Olympics that the emblems of five interlocking colored circles and the associated banner were showcased for the very first time. It became the well-recognised image of the Olympic community. On May 16th over 30,000 people came to a ceremony in Rome for the Canonization of Joan of Arc including 140 descendants of Joan of Arc’s family. Pope Benedict XV presided over the rite, for which the inside of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is highly decorated for the occasion. In late July and early on in August the first ever World Scout Jamboree is held in Olympia, London. On October 31, Dr. Fred Banting from Canada first records within his notebook his understanding on how to isolate insulin for the treatment of diabetes. It wasn’t until 2 yrs later that the very first successful human test of insulin took place.
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- Today in History
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