The year of 1948 appeared to be quite a notable year. There were a number of significant incidents which occurred in addition to a lot of non-significant situations, but nevertheless interesting for their fascination. The year began on the 1st January with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) coming into affect. The GATT was a legal agreement in between quite a few nations with the target being to promote international commerce by reducing or getting rid of commerce barriers including tariffs or quotas. Also on the 1st of January, the railways of England were nationalized, to form British Railways. On January 30, the Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi is killed by Nathuram Godse in New Delhi, India. The 1948 Winter Olympics in St Moritz, in Switzerland were opened on 30 January. During February, the USA stock automobile racing organization NASCAR is founded and starts off arranging races. On March 8, in the case of McCollum vs. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court ruled that religious teaching in public schools goes against the US Constitution. The fight with this is still going on today. On April 3rd the US President Harry S Truman signs the Marshall Plan, which permits $5 billion in aid for sixteen countries. The Marshall Plan is the way the USA gave foreign aid to Western Europe. On April 7, The World Health Organization is set up by the United Nations and later on June 24th they have the 1st World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization in Geneva. Additionally in April, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is founded, as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation Co-operation.
On June 1, Puma, a global sporting activities goods manufacturer, is created in Bavaria, West Germany, by Rudolf Dassler, having separated from his sibling Adi Dassler. This really is part of the historic as well as nasty rivalry about the Puma and Adidas running shoe manufacturers. Also in June, on the 24th the Cold War heats up with the beginning of the Berlin Blockade due to the Soviet Union preventing the Western Allies’ train, road, and canal accessibility to the areas of Berlin under Western management. On June 26th, the Berlin airlift sets out to circumvent the blockade. In the United Kingdom on July 5th, the National Health Service starts off functioning, giving the right to universal health care, free of charge at the point of use. Additionally in the United Kingdom, on July 15th, the very first London section of Alcoholics Anonymous was started. On July 26, the US President Truman finalized on Executive Order, stopping racial seperation in the US military. On July 29, the 1948 Summer Olympic Games begin in London. These were the first Games since the 1936 Summer Games in Berlin because of war. On October 6, a 7.3 amplitude quake comes about near Ashgabat, Soviet Turkmenistan with what is thought could be more than 100,000 people killed. On November 2nd democratic presidential incumbent Harry S Truman defeats the republican Thomas Dewey. The 1948 Nobel prize in Medicine was given to Paul Hermann Müller regarding his work on the insecticidal characteristics and use of the pesticide, DDT for the control of disorders such as malaria in addition to yellow fever.
- Hardcover Book
- Publications International Ltd. (Author)
- Hardcover Book
- DK Publishing (Author)
- Fell, James (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
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