The 365 days of 1949 was molded by a few critical incidents. The year began with a U . N . sponsored cease fire agreement to bring a finish to the Indo-Pakistani War that started in 1947. That resulted in a stalemate that divided Kashmir and these sectors as well as tensions still continue on these days together with the periodic limited quarrels. On January 20, Harry S. Truman is sworn in to be the President of the US. This was Truman’s second term and the 41st inauguration ceremony. It was the 1st televised USA presidential inauguration and the 1st with an air parade.

The North Atlantic Treaty ended up being agreed upon in Washington, DC on April 4th allowing the NATO defence alliance. This Agreement creates the lawful reason for alliance of this intergovernmental navy co-operation among thirty member countries – 28 from Europe and two from North America countries in the aftermath of World War II. On May 12th, the Soviet Union lifted the Berlin Blockade. This blockade stated on 24th June 1948 was the earliest significant international crisis of the Cold War. That occurred during the multinational occupation of Berlin following The Second World War where the Soviet Union obstructed the Western Allies’ railway, roads, and canal accessibility to the areas of Berlin that were under their command. Airlifts were the only method for the movement of people and goods in and out.

On June 14th, 1949, the rhesus monkey Albert II, is the 1st primate traveling into space aboard the USA Hermes project rocket. He was killed instantaneously upon re-entry following the capsule’s chute did not open resulting in the capsule to impact the ground. On July 27, the first commercial jet-powered plane, called the de Havilland Comet makes its first journey, in Britain. It didn’t make it’s initial commercial air travel until a few year later. On August 12th, 1949, the 4th Geneva Convention is accepted. This convention had been the first one to handle the humanitarian rights for citizens in a war zone. As of 2022, there are 196 nations that are party for this convention. By 1993, the United Nations determined that the Geneva Conventions had enacted within the body of customary international law, which makes them binding on non-signatories to the Convention when they participate in armed conflicts. On August 29 the Soviet Union tests their first atomic bomb called Joe 1 by the United States in reference to Joseph Stalin. Its design is actually a copy of the US plutonium device which was dropped on Nagasaki, in Japan, in 1945. The explosion did shock United States intelligence as they did not consider that the Soviet Union would be capable of nuclear bombs at that point.

The biggest event in Australia on December 10, 1949 in the countries federal election the Coalition Party who was led by Robert Menzies defeated the current Labor Government, which was led by the then Prime Minister, Ben Chifley. Menzies was sworn in on December 19 making this his second time as Prime Minister, a job he holds for the following sixteen years until he retired in 1966. Labor don’t get back the office once more until 1972.


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